9th grade . Informal Economy (Informal Sector) Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government, and is not included in that government’s Gross National Product (GNP); as opposed to a … Categories Urban Geography Tags urban planning, walkable cities. Hart defined the informal sector as employment beyond government service, factories, and large-scale commercial ventures. • gets irregularly and unevenly paid. One of the earliest pieces of academic literature on the urban informal sector. Space Time Compression-The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation system. Tokman, V. “The Informal Sector in Latin America: From Underground to Legality.” In Towards Social Adjustment: Labour Market Issues in Structural Adjustment. Describe TWO ways post-industrial countries utilize the international division of labor. Based on the idea that certain types of political and economic relations (especially colonialism) between countries and regions of the world have created arrangements that both control and limit the extent to which regions can develop, Program that provides small loans to poor people, especially women, to encourage development of small businesses, International organization that operates outside of the formal political arena but that are nevertheless influential in spear international initiatives on social, economic, and environmental issues, Place built by a government or sorporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infastructure, The encroachment of desert conditions on moister zones along the desert margins, where plant cover and soils are threatened by desiccation - though overuse, in part by humans and their domestic animals, and, possibly, in part because of inexorable shirfts in the Earth's environmental zones, When a poorer country ties the value of its currency to that of a wealthier country, or when it abandons its currency and adopts the wealthier country's currency as its own, When a family sends a child or an adult to a labor recruiter in hopes that the labor recruiter will send money, and the family member will earn money to send home, Specific area within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business and investment, Vectored disease spread by mosquitoes that carry the malaria in the salavia and which kills approximately 150,000 children in the global periphery each month, zones established by many countries in the periphery and semi-periphery where they offer favorable tax, regulatory, and trade arrangements to attract foreign trade and investment, The term given to zones in northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. The International Labour Organization (ILO), for example, used Hart’s work to distinguish between formal and informal employment based on criteria such as relative ease of entry, size, nature of enterprise ownership, type of production, and levels of skill, capital, and technology. 10/10/2012. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on Industrialization and Economic Development Free Response AP Human Geography 0. It is not subject to the normal constraints of registration and taxation, and generally, therefore, is supported by cash-in-hand payments. srry its so late everybody, quizlet was down for a while but atleast we can stay up all night to study now! Level. gv2019. Without efficient transportation services, global economy would not have been possible, daily commuting would be difficult, and cultural and social interactions would be limited. What are 15-Minute Cities? (4) in most cases, the work atmosphere is congested and unhygienic. Description. Vocabulary words, Mr.Crider (6th period) Total Cards . Informal economy Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government (not included in GNP as the formal economy is); examples are the black market, illegal drug trade, odd jobs or work done "under the table", and remittances (money migrants send back … AP Human Geography – Vocabulary Lists . AP Human Geography Enduring Understandings for This Unit Enduring Understandings: Geography, as a field of inquiry, looks at the world from a spatial perspective. Additional Geography Flashcards . Importance of the Study. Please subscribe or login. Email address. 0. Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is sometimes stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. Post Tagged with: "informal economy ap human geography" July 11, 2020 / AP Economy. Primary tabs. Lily Taylor. AP human geography UNIT 4 DRAFT. Geography vocabulary and glossary: manufacturing and industry. economy within a single boundary. AP Human Geography, Unit 3. Summarize how the core-periphery spatial relationship applies to Subsaharan Africa. Created. Save. Learning Objectives. Acropolis / Agora / Forum. Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement. November 10, 2020 by Elizabeth Borneman. Created. Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is sometimes stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. Formal Economy Gender Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Gross National Income (GNI) Gross National Product (GNP) Human Development Index Informal Economy Maquiladoras Measures of development Microcredit program Millennium Development Goals Modernization Model / Ladder of Development NAFTA Neocolonialism Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) Human Development Index - HDI: The Human Development Index (HDI) was developed by the United Nations as a metric to assess the social and … The Only Metric Highway in the United States . Research conducted by Latin American scholars, for example, has emphasized the existence of an informal economy in all countries by including case studies ranging from New York City and Madrid to Uruguay and Colombia. Click here to study/print these flashcards. This college-level course introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and … (2) it exists merely on verbal understanding. 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