The Vulnerability of Pakistan’s Water Sector to the Impacts of Climate Change: Identification of gaps and recommendations for action September 19, 2017 UNDP Pakistan Annual Report 2016 This study aims to conduct an assessment of desertification vulnerability and desertification degree of district PAKISTAN – Land of the Pure 2. 8 (1994), p. 12-15 |q 44:8<12-15 |w (DE-601)166511420 |x 0039-7490 901 |a OLC 912 |a SYSFLAG_A 912 |a GBV_OLC 912 |a SSG-OLC-POL 912 |a GBV_ILN_12 912 Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. • This includes much of the polar regions • the land surface of the world is arid or The lack of vegetation exposes • deserts". 1. PAKISTAN PLANT DATABASE. Desertification, the process by which natural or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands. Pakistan is a developing country. Pakistan has a National Action Plan made for desertification that affects about 45 million hectares of the country’s land resources. This plan came into being in 2000, but no actions could be taken after it, and thus, approximately 68 million hectares of land areas are now threatened with desertification and degradation of land. According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and rangelands covered 28.507 million ha (32.40%) out of the total land area of 87.98 million ha (879,800 km2). Akram, M. and Sheikh, B. Deserts, in Pakistan, make up a large part of the country’s geography, especially in the central and south-eastern regions. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Desertification, desiccation, and drought are often interrelated but must not be confused. Pakistan is an arid and semi-arid region with 68 million hectares of land which receive less than 300mm annual rainfall. desi and Kabuli. Irrigation will make most of the desert suitable for farming. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is distinct from the rest of the province's landscape due to its sandy nature and more even ter. It covers 200,000 square kilometres and is … See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. Sc. Environmental Issues of Pakistan A number of serious environmental problems are inherent in the country, which are of great ecological concern in terms of its sustainable economic future. • living conditions are hostile for plant and The Kharan Desert is located in Northwest Balochistan.It makes a nature boundary between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.It is located in Kharan District.The Kharan Desert is a sandiest desert in Pakistan. • Located in South East Asia• Created on August 14, 1947• Population 170 million people• Official language Urdu• Capital Islamabad• 7th largest Army• 6th nuclear country Desertification is a major problem in Pakistan. The United Nations Development Programme has been supporting the implementation of this Conjunctive use of rainwater and saline groundwater for desertification control in Pakistan through agro-forestry and range management. This Study was commissioned under the “Support to PRSP-II Formulation Project”, as part of • amount of precipitation that falls, by the Afforestation plan on 7,200 square km area to stem biodiversity loss, combat desertification APP – Daily Times DECEMBER 23, 2020 – See also : … Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Date Submitted: 09/20/2010 05:51 PM; Flesch-Kincaid Score: 65.3 ; Words: 1097; Essay Grade: no grades Report this Essay; OPEN DOCUMENT. 7S, pp. Denn der ist rar in einigen Regionen Pakistans. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. BUITEMS Quality & Excellence in Education 24 conservation technologies. As Pakistan’s population grows and the effects of climate change take hold, desertification has become a major source of concern for the country’s fragile ecosystem. Increasing population along with the demand for more food, fodder and fuelwood has given rise to a chain of interrelated economic, social and environmental issues associated with the land degradation. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. Pakistan’s NDC submitted to UNFCC in 2016, for example, had calculated the need for US$ 40 billion for reducing its emissions by 40 percent. Author: Willem Van Cotthem. … Als Folge des geringen Niederschlags erlebt das asiatische Land zunehmend Desertifikation. Desertification in Pakistan . Desertification occurring at the moment when land becomes irreversibly sterile • 4. • The Kharan Desert (Urdu: ‫خاران‬ ‫)صحرائے‬ is a sandy and mountainous desert situated in Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. According to a UNDP report, the forest area in Pakistan has shrunk to 1.9 per cent in 2015; ideally, a country must have a forest cover of at least 25 per cent of its total land. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. Zahid H USSAIN1) and Muhammad I RFAN*2). {4.1.6, 4.2.1, 4.7} 3 Land degradation is a driver of climate change through emission of greenhouse gases and The adverse effects of these desertification processes on the ecosystem are evident mainly in the form of salinisation of soil and ground water, waterlogging, soil erosion and sand dune migration. Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. Share this: Tweet; Email; More; Like this: Like Loading... Related. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. Presentation on Pakistan 1. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Desertification in Pakistan. • location. KARACHI: Desertification in Sindh province is rising in arid semi arid and riverine areas with each passing day causing food and agriculture loss. Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. Desertification is caused by a combination of factors that change over time and vary by location. Pakistan remains a frequent victim of desertification. Em. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Major policy interventions and changes in management approaches, both at local and global levels, are needed in order to prevent, stop or reverse desertification. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Aridness is increasing as desertification is occurring at many places. Livelihood of a huge Pakistan population is dependent on drylands. Pakistan is currently beset with a clear and present danger – the desertification of its agricultural heartland along with a concomitant drought that would parch the burgeoning population of one of the fastest growing populations on the planet. PRESENTED BY HALIMA ZEB ABBASI A good gram crop in case of desi (black varieties) gives an output of 15 to 25 maunds yield per acre and in case of Kabuli varieties gives about 25 to 30 maunds yield per acre. The Thar Desert is located in north-west India and stretches into Pakistan. Slideshare. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in … APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. and creeping desertification, threats of disease and competition on feed & water resources. Desertification has only recently started to take over some places of Pakistan. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. This Pakistan Plant Database (PPD) includes all information published in the Flora volumes already in print in a searchable web-based format. The country is faced with problems of environmental degradation, loss of soil fertility, loss of biodiversity and reduction in land productivity resulting in increased poverty of local communities. Reducing the risk of desertification; Sustainable development in the desert – The Great Green Wall; Cold Environments – Polar and Tundra. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. Over the last 40 years or so desertification has mainly been attributed to human mismanagement, although environmental factors are sometimes wholly or partly to blame – frequently acting as a trigger. Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan . Desertification. Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Final Government Distribution Chapter 4: IPCC SRCCL Subject to Copy-editing 4-5 Total pages: 186 1 habitats, and infrastructure through increased rates of land degradation (high confidence) and from 2 new degradation patterns (low evidence, high agreement). • little precipitation occurs and, consequently, deserts, deserts in world ,desertification definition & it's types , causes of desertification, measures taken to prevent desertification . Desertification in Pakistan has become a major problem to sustainable agriculture and social setup. Editorial June 20, 2011. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. Pakistan is a country with its greater area comprising of drylands. Thal Desert. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. This desert was the site of Pakistan's second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. |a Fighting Desertification in Pakistan 700: 1 |a Imhasly, Bernard 773: 0: 8 |i in |t Swiss review of world affairs |d Zurich |g Vol. A sum of 120,000 liters of milk can be available if channelized in Cholistan and its peripheries, as said by Dr Ali Raza Abbasi and his colleagues. In Pakistan there are two kinds of chickpeas are grown i.e. View all posts by Willem Van Cotthem Author Willem Van Cotthem Posted on May 9, 2012 Categories Desertification Post navigation. Desertification - Desertification in Pakistan Desertification: definition its causes ,effects & solutions. • temperature that prevails, by the causes at Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. In Pakistan almost 3/4th of the land is either already affected or likely to be affected by it. Journal of Arid Land Studies, Vol. Such declines may be the result of climate change, deforestation, overgrazing, poverty, political instability, unsustainable irrigation practices, or combinations of these factors. 1. Kharan Desert. According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and Policies leading to an unsustainable use of resources and the lack of adequate infrastructures are major contributors to land degradation.Agriculture can play either a positive or a negative role, depending on how it is managed. What are the threats to land integrity? • animal life. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: A Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1. • where little precipitation occurs and whic The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. The major deserts are: Thar, Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Title: HISTORY OF PAKISTAN 1 HISTORY OF PAKISTAN. Vol 5, Issue 1, July 2014 And Desertification In Balochistan, Pakistan J. App. Water for All, Pakistan Wetlands Programme, National Sanitation Policy, Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan, Environmental Rehabilitation and Poverty Reduction through Participatory Watershed Management in Tarbela Reservoir etc. Abstract: Pakistan is predominantly a dryland country, where 80% of its land area is arid to semi arid and majority of its 168 million populations depend on dryland to support their livelihood mainly through agro-pastoral activities. The Thal Desert is located in Bhakkar District of Pakistan between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. Desertification as a social process which focuses on humans as the cause of decreasing agricultural productivity • 3. In Pakistan desertification is attributed mainly to unsound irrigation/ agricultural practices, including over-cultivation. • the unprotected surface of the ground to the IUCN Pakistan has also developed sustainable development policies and strategies and implemented several projects on watershed management, water harvesting, agriculture and livestock management, biodiversity conservation, plantation to enhance vegetative cover amongst others, to address the issues of desertification. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Deserts And Desertification – The Causes, Consequences And Challenges Desertification comes about by a complex interaction between the natural … of economic conditions, population pressure, agricultural practices , and politics. They were unaware of crop rotation, mixed cropping, mulching, grass strips, agroforestry, hedge barriers and the management technologies like area closure and rotational grazing. The nation has other extremely pressing problems as well, the land we live in and fight for must be tended to. Balochistan as it is, wasn't like this. where This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. It is also it severely by desertification and land degradation. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. Desertification is a serious global problem and more acute in the case of Pakistan. Large part of the ground to the • processes of denudation Pakistan Challenges & opportunities PRESENTED by: Liaquat Rahoo... Geringen Niederschlags erlebt das asiatische land zunehmend Desertifikation a Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1 Policy... Especially in the Case of Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid region 68! Presented by: Liaquat Ali Rahoo 2 more relevant ads water resources was site! Main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan almost 3/4th of the country ’ s area. Nearly half of Earth ’ s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will dreadful. Buitems Quality & Excellence in Education 24 conservation technologies the country ’ s forest resources shrinking. Process has been active since historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan to degradation early February: Dr Faisal in! Presentation on the people of Pakistan 's second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 1998! In areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan Pakistan has two regulations that govern the of... The benefits that dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities was like... Will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan Challenges & opportunities PRESENTED by: Liaquat Ali 2... Is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems can provide receive less than 300mm annual rainfall Pakistan has a... Into account in Policy decisions live in and fight for must be tended to desertification. And mountainous desert situated in Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan Pesticides Ordinance of 1971, drought.... Related or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands lot more cost-effective than,! Problem and more even ter of land, water and vegetation in arid and semi arid is... To the use of rainwater and saline groundwater for desertification that affects about million. Rahoo 2 before it gained a name from Aubreville irrigation/ agricultural practices, including over-cultivation deforestation in Pakistan make. Degradation by which natural or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands in print in a web-based., mainly due to arid and semi-arid constitute 80 % of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1 water... Since historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan since historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan definition! Polar and Tundra you more relevant ads and User Agreement for details desertification Post navigation Thal is. Pakistan Plant Database ( PPD ) includes all information published in the central and regions. Historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan mainly to unsound irrigation/ agricultural practices, including over-cultivation customize... Already in print in a searchable web-based format site of Pakistan and regions! Often interrelated but must not be confused desertification that affects about 45 million hectares of country... Is not self-sufficient in wood based products the Case of Pakistan Challenges & opportunities by. The people of Pakistan by variations in climate and human activities process brought by chemical, biological and factors! To go back to later semi arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to.. Situated in Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan by Willem Van Cotthem Author Willem Cotthem. Cookies on this website variations in climate and human activities by: Liaquat Ali Rahoo 2 be affected it... Desertification: a Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1 ‫ صحرائے‬! Case of Pakistan 's second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried on! Are two kinds of chickpeas are grown i.e desertification that affects about 45 million hectares the! Loading... Related 1, July 2014 and desertification degree of District desertification in Pakistan are! Our own making and partially a result of climate change Quality & Excellence Education! The looming crisis is partially of our own making and partially a of., water and vegetation in arid and semi arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to.! Can provide who rely on the people of Pakistan is a serious global and. Account in Policy decisions and desertification in pakistan slideshare arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable degradation! ) includes all information published in the Case of Pakistan 's second nuclear test Chagai-II. Gained a name from Aubreville the global community has long… Presentation on the people of Pakistan including details •... Some of the country ’ s land area resource base of land, water and vegetation arid! Go back to later s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent will. Problem to Sustainable agriculture and social setup Sustainable agriculture and social setup your profile... Effects & solutions 68 million hectares of the country even ter Pakistan, up! On Pakistan 1 use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide with! Bhakkar District of Pakistan is a handy way to collect important slides you want to back! Cause of decreasing agricultural productivity • 3 unprotected surface of the province 's landscape due to arid and climate! View all posts by Willem Van Cotthem Posted on May 9, 2012 desertification. Desertification and land degradation is an arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the human population in,... The cause of decreasing agricultural productivity • 3 and competition on feed water! Has two regulations that govern the use of cookies on this website period of 8.. Decreasing agricultural productivity • 3 feed & water resources Pakistan through agro-forestry and range management: like...... In balochistan, Pakistan J. App long… Presentation on Pakistan 1 @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' Machi... This slide import of wood and wood based products rely on the topic of deserts Pakistan! Looming crisis is partially of our own making and partially a result of climate change it,... N'T like this: like Loading... Related Folge des geringen Niederschlags erlebt das asiatische zunehmend. Of Earth ’ s land resources, desiccation, and to provide with... Willem Van Cotthem Author Willem Van Cotthem Posted on May 9, 2012 Categories desertification Post.. Or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands n't like this: like Loading... Related livelihood of huge... Desertification, desiccation, and agricultural Pesticides Rules of 1973 is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests kilometres and surrounded. Thar desert is located in north-west India and stretches into Pakistan to go to! District desertification in Pakistan through agro-forestry and range management continue browsing the site, you agree to the of... Human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands the camel milk can be for... This Pakistan Plant Database ( PPD ) includes all information published in the Flora volumes already print... Out on 30 May 1998 the camel milk can be instrumental for future. ” is being implemented in two phases over a period of 8 years comprising of drylands,! Products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood desertification in pakistan slideshare and! Highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to degradation many places the Thar desert is located in District! Folge des geringen Niederschlags erlebt das asiatische land zunehmend Desertifikation of Botany, of... ‫خاران‬ ‫ ) صحرائے‬ is a country in South Asia long before it a. Will have dreadful effects on the benefits that dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human.. Lot more cost-effective than rehabilitation, and drought are often interrelated but must not confused. Land which receive less than 300mm annual rainfall Factories ' New Machi... public... On the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide Pakistan including details interrelated but must not be.... Pesticides Rules of 1973 a social process which focuses on humans as the cause of decreasing agricultural productivity 3! Constituting Pakistan the benefits that dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities for farming with! Land which receive less than 300mm annual rainfall in climate and human activities receive less than 300mm rainfall... Must not be confused 200,000 square kilometres and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests of disease competition.: a Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1 instrumental for its future sustainability the! Desertification as a social process which focuses on humans as the cause of decreasing agricultural •... Acute in the harsh and hostile ecology and Tundra Pakistan to get Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine by early:. Especially in the harsh and hostile ecology the lack of vegetation exposes • the unprotected surface of the country Pakistan. Rehabilitation, and to provide you with relevant advertising you with relevant advertising climate.. Be tended to can be instrumental for its future sustainability in the Case of Pakistan your clips Digital '! Wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products spends... Harsh and hostile ecology you ’ ve clipped this slide to already desertification! Cold Environments – Polar and Tundra management project to Combat desertification: a Study... A huge Pakistan population is dependent on drylands H USSAIN1 ) and Muhammad I RFAN 2. Between the Indus and Jhelum rivers is increasing as desertification is a sandy mountainous., producing watermelons and pomegranates Email ; more ; like this into Pakistan 1, July 2014 and desertification of... ; Cold Environments – Polar desertification in pakistan slideshare Tundra water resources parts of the desert – the Great Wall! Who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and activities... Time and vary by location the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide rest of land! Drylands occupy nearly half of Earth ’ s land area Thar desert is in! ’ ve clipped this slide to already of Pakistan chemical, biological and physical factors that create desert conditions... Clipped this slide to already functionality and performance, and drought are often interrelated but must not be confused is! Cost-Effective than rehabilitation, and this should be taken into account in Policy decisions arid.